Posting bail for a loved one or friend can be confusing. Perhaps this will help you understand your options.
Why is Bail Set?
The purpose of bail is to ensure that the person charged with an offense appears at all scheduled court hearings, to protect and ensure of the safety of the community, and to ensure that the person does not obstruct the criminal justice process.
How is Bail Determined?
A bond is set one of three ways: either by a preset amount stated on the warrant, or based on a preset bond schedule set by the judge for the offense charged, or by the Judge at the arraignment.
Where is Bail Posted?
If a person is charged with a felony offense in the Richland County Court of Common Pleas and has a bond set, the person or someone on his/her behalf may post bond at the Clerk's office during normal office hours; Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Are There Different Types of Bonds?
Yes. Some bonds only require a signature for release, some need cash posted to be released, while others need a bondsman to post a surety with the court. Your responsibility depends on the type of bond that is set by the court.
What Are the 4 Kinds of Bonds?
  1. Recognizance Bond (Unsecured Appearance Bond) - Sometimes referred to as a P.R. Bond. This one only requires the person who is charged with the offense to sign bond papers that are completed by the Clerk's Office. It releases the accused in exchange for his/her promise to appear at court at a designated time. No other collateral need be posted but a fee is required under the Ohio Revised Codes and will be assessed. Failure to appear for all future court dates under a recognizance bond is a fourth degree felony.
  2. Cash Bond - When the Court orders a cash bond, it is for the full amount of the bond.
  3. Surety Bond - This bond requires it to be secured by real estate, securities, or a cash deposit for the full amount of the bond at the option of the defendant. The posting of a surety power from an insurance company that guarantees the full amount of the bond is permitted. The bondsman will pay in the event the defendant does not appear for a scheduled court hearing and cannot be found as ordered by the Court.
  4. 10% Bond - When posting a 10% bond the clerk will collect 10% of the total bond plus the PR fee. Upon disposition of the case, the clerk will refund the bond money minus 10%.
Representatives of bonding companies are not agents of the court nor are they employed by the court. Bonding companies can be found by looking in the yellow pages of the telephone book.